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Crows have feelings too

Crows have feelings too

Holding Grudges Holding a grudge is something that we can observe in humans. However, it’s also a behavior that can be observed in crows. If you have ever pissed a crow off, they remember. Crows have the ability to remember human faces and apparently, if they don’t […]

Bloodshot Lizards

Bloodshot Lizards

Background             Horned lizards scientific name is phrynosoma hernandesi, they are a type of retile that feeds on carnivores and are about 2.5 to 6 in; as small as a teacup. Horned-lizard species can be found in the deserts and semi-arid […]

Mourning Elephants

Mourning Elephants

The strange behaviors of Elephants           When there is a tragic death of a family member, there are usually steps that are taken to prepare for the funeral. During these services, it is normal and not strange to see a family […]

Basic Chicken Behaviors

Basic Chicken Behaviors

Social and behavioral interactions of Chickens             Chickens may seem like basic animals but they are unique and have complex social interactions and interesting behaviors. They are domesticated animals and prefer to be kept in groups called flocks. Before raising a chicken, it is […]

How to do simple crystal violet staining

How to do simple crystal violet staining

Materials: 2 Sterile loop 1 TSA plates 1 Bunsen burner 1 Close pin 2 Slide 1 DI Water 1 Crystal violet 1 Microscope 1 Slide warmer 1 plastic container                       To begin simple crystal violet staining, […]

How to grow bacteria on grapes using TSA plates

How to grow bacteria on grapes using TSA plates

Materials: Swab TSA plates Purified water Organic grapes Bunsen burner Incubator                        To look at the type of bacteria that’s on a grape, we can grow them and extract their DNA after obtaining a pure […]

How to make LBS Agar medium

How to make LBS Agar medium

Medium: LBS Agar Approximate Formula* 500mL Ingredients:  Pancreatic Digest of Casein ………………………………… 5.0 g Yeast Extract ……………………………………………………… 2.5 g Monopotassium Phosphate………………………………….. 3.0 g Ammonium Citrate …………………………………………….. 1.0 g Dextrose …………………………………………………………. 10.0 g Polysorbate 80 ……………………………………………………20 drops Sodium Acetate Hydrate ……………………………………. 12.5 g Magnesium Sulfate …………………………………………. […]

How to do DNA extraction

How to do DNA extraction

Materials Sterile loop PBS buffer AW1 buffer AW2 buffer AE buffer  Proteinase K Ethanol Tube racks Pipette Pipette tips Microfuge tube Spin column Centrifuge Trash bucket     To perform DNA extraction on a pure colony, collect a tiny amount of cells from the pure colony using […]

How to gram stain

How to gram stain

Materials DI water Sterile loop Slide Warmer Bunsen Burner Close pin  Crystal Violet Gram Iodide Ethonal Safranin Slides Plastic container Trash bucket                 To gram stained a culture, pour a drop of DI water on a slide. Then […]

How to make a 1.5% TSA broth plates

How to make a 1.5% TSA broth plates

Materials TSA powder Agar powder 1L bottle Purified water Stir plate Stir bar Scale Plastic containers                       To make a 1.5% TSA plate, obtain a 1-liter bottle to add the ingredients in. Then used a scale […]